.22 Metallic SilhouetteMatch Director: Russ Tuten
Range: Outdoor Rifle
Metallic silhouette shooting is a group of target shooting that involves shooting at metal cutouts representing game animals at varying distances. The targets used are rams (Borrego), turkeys (Guajalote), pigs (Javelina), and chickens (Gallina), which are cut to different scales and set at certain distances from the shooter depending on the specific discipline. The sport had it's origins in Mexico around 1914. The first National Match was held in Mexico City in 1952 by the 1960's it had spread into the United States and now is popular around the world.
The targets are set up in groups of five of each kind, with a silhouette's width between targets, laid out at the required distances for a given match. Each group of targets are shot left to right; if a target is missed then the next shot is taken at the next target. Any target hit out of order is considered a miss. The target must be knocked down or pushed off the target stand in order to score a hit; even a shot ricocheting off the ground in front of the target will count if it takes down the correct target. All disciplines require a minimum of 10 shots at each type of target, for a minimum of 40 shots per match, normal matches are 40, 60, 80, or 120 shots. Scores are recorded as the number of hits per rounds fired, so 30 hits with 40 shots would be a score of 30x40.
Silhouette shooting with modern rifles is split into categories by weight, so that heavier terget rifles with bull barrells are not competing against lighter hunting rifles. The basic NRA rifle classes are:
High power rifle, light or heavy
Smallbore rifle, light or heavy
Black-powder cartridge rifle
Air rifle, Open, Target, or Sporter Long Range Pistol
Long Range Pistol, Unlimited
Smallbore Hunter's Pistol
Rifle silhouette shooters generally shoot from an unsupported standing position, though blackpowder rifles may use shooting sticks in some competitions. There are also informal matches for special classes, like Cowboy rifles and pistols and vintage military surplus rifles.
Ranges for targets may be measured in yards or meters, but all targets in a match must be set using the same unit of measurement. Target sizes and distances depend on the specific rifle discipline being fired. Smallbore distances are Chickens (40), Pigs (60), Turkeys (77), and Rams (100) with 1/5 scale targets.
NRA National Rifle Association
IMSSU International Metallic Silhouette Shooting Union
IHMSA International Handgun Metallic Silhouette Association